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PostPosted: Mon 06 Sep 2021 11:55 am 
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Hello,

I am a beginner Irish (Munster). How do you say "i think that he ...." in irish? I think = Ceapaim. But is there also a "Sílim"? Could someone explain when you would use one over the other? Thanks


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PostPosted: Mon 06 Sep 2021 1:13 pm 
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Joined: Thu 27 May 2021 3:22 am
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Sílim is almost never used in the present tense in Cork Irish.
Ceapaim is possible.
Sílim and ceapaim are not used once in the Irish of Amhlaoibh Ó Loingsigh, whereas is dó' liom is. This is the word dóigh, but as the gh is not pronounced as a slender g, it is better written as dó' or dóich.

Peadar Ua Laoghaire's Mion-Chainnt has these example sentences:

Measaim gur fear láidir é. I consider that he is a strong man.
Ceapaim gur anso atá sé. I conclude that it is here it is. [Note: the translation is in poor English.]
Is dóich liom gur treise d' fhear Tadhg 'ná Dómhnall. I think that Thade is a stronger man than Donald.

Is dó' requires a subordinate clause. This is go+dependent or ná+dependent, or gur/nár in the past tense.

Is dó' liom go bhfuil sé ann
Is dó liom ná fuil sé ann
Is dó liom gur dhein sé é
Is dó liom nár dhein sé é

[It depends on the verb. Some verbs don't take the particles in -r, and so with the verb "to be", it is: is dó' liom go raibh sé ann/ná raibh sé ann]


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PostPosted: Tue 07 Sep 2021 4:40 pm 
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Joined: Sat 03 May 2014 4:01 pm
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Nua-Chorpas na Gaeilge (http://corpas.focloir.ie/) shows only 5 examples for "sílim" in texts of native Munster authors (by three authors I don't know if they really are native speakers).
But it has 38 hits of "ceapaim", 64 hits of "measaim", and 405 hits of "is dóigh liom".


Munster
sílim - 5
ceapaim - 38
measaim - 64
is dóigh liom 405

Connacht
sílim - 207
ceapaim - 57
measaim - 43
is dóigh liom 141

Ulster
sílim - 163
ceapaim - 0
measaim - 34
is dóigh liom 202


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